KETAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE (HCL) 4600G
Ketamine Hydrochloride, also known as Ketamine HCl, is an anesthetic medication used to induce general anesthesia and alleviate pain and discomfort during medical procedures, tests, or minor surgeries. It is available in generic form under various brand names, including Ketalar.
Ketamine Hydrochloride, also called Ketamine HCl, is a potent anesthetic medication used to induce general anesthesia and manage pain during medical procedures, tests, or minor surgeries. It is available as a generic medication and marketed under various brand names, including Ketalar.
Common side effects associated with Ketamine Hydrochloride may include a dream-like sensation, blurred or double vision, jerky muscle movements, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances like insomnia. While these are typically mild, serious side effects such as severe confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts, and extreme fear may occur in some cases.
The initial dosage of Ketamine Hydrochloride varies depending on the route of administration. For intravenous (IV) use, the induction dose typically ranges from 1 mg/kg to 4.5 mg/kg, while for intramuscular (IM) use, it ranges from 6.5 mg/kg to 13 mg/kg. It is crucial to inform your doctor about all medications you are currently taking. Ketamine Hydrochloride may interact with barbiturates or narcotics.
Abruptly discontinuing the medication can lead to withdrawal symptoms. Ketamine Hydrochloride may induce emergence reactions characterized by various psychological manifestations. It ranging from pleasant dream-like states to hallucinations and emergence delirium.
Ketamine Hydrochloride comes in different concentrations and is available as a sterile solution for intravenous or intramuscular injection. A physician administers the medication while making dosage adjustments based on the patient’s specific needs. Ketamine Hydrochloride synergizes effectively with commonly used anesthetic agents and allows for combination with other medications to achieve balanced anesthesia. However, it is not advisable to use it concurrently with barbiturates or narcotics.
Patients with hypertension or cardiac decompensation require continuous monitoring of cardiac function during Ketamine Hydrochloride administration. Postoperative confusion and respiratory depression may occur, necessitating proper respiratory exchange and ventilation.
Utilizing Ketamine Hydrochloride solely under the supervision of physicians experienced in administering general anesthetics is essential.